Trophy Species - A concise description of the animals.
Baboon (Chacma)

Habitat: Most parts of Southern Africa

Male: Total length 120-160cm, mass 25-45kg
Female: Total length 100-120cm, mass 12-20kg

Behavior: Lives in troops of 15-100+; Males dominant; Most dominant males mate with females. Females have distinctive red buttocks in mating season.

Food: Omnivorous, roots, bulbs, fruit, seeds, leaves, flowers and insects, invertebrates.


Monkey (Verved)

Habitat: Most parts of Southern Africa

In some regions Vervet Monkeys are considered a pest, especially with crop farming and holiday makers. They are clever opportunists and can harvest food from almost any tented camp or dustbin!

Food: Omnivorous, roots, bulbs, fruit, seeds, leaves, flowers and insects, invertebrates.


Black backed jackal

Carnivore, wide habitat tolerance, seasonal breeders; Nocturnal

Dog-like appearance, destinctive howl-sound.

Seasonal Breeders, Calling more frequent during winter months (mating season).


Black Wildebeest

A large, dark brown antelope, not really black, it does however appear black at a distance.
The shoulders are massive and somewhat higher than the slender hindquarter.

Has a large head and long face, with a beard under the throat.

Weight: 308-323lb
Height: 44-48in
SCI minimum score: 61

Habitat: Found in open grassland and bushveld



This tireless, nimble-footed athlete of the grassland can run rings around most of the other antelope, and certainly makes it one of the most challenging game animal.

The horns of the blesbok are usually straw colored, especially on the top of the rings. Females are similar but smaller and have thinner horns.

SCI minimum score: 35

Habitat: Found in open grassland close to shade and water

Blesbuck (White)

Is a breed, not a subspecies, which was produced by selective breeding.
They are pale in color, seldom pure white. Except for the color, it is identical to the ordinary blesbok, with horns of equal size.

Height: 37-38in
Weight: 130-140lb
SCI minimum score: 35

Habitat: Found in open grassland

Blue Wildebeest

Though it is not actually blue, has a dark silvery gray color with a grayish brown tinge. This large, bearded antelope with it's humped shoulder and sloping backs, are tough and although normally timid, will fight ferociously when cornered.

Weight: 440-600lb
Height: 50-58in
SCI minimum score: 60

Habitat: Found in open savanna, woodland with short grass; open plains


Small bright chestnut to dark brown antelope, found in Eastern parts of Southern Africa; Browse and graze, 2 white patches on the throat, ewes have white spots on their backs.

It is a medium-sized antelope, elegant but strongly built, with a hunched back, large ears, and a bushy tail that is white underneath and has a black tip.

Bushbuck is a fine game animal, very similar to the white-tailed deer. A good hunting method is to walk slowly with frequent stops, early and late in day, especially near water or crops. Can be dangerous when wounded.

SCI minimum score: 29

Habitat: Found in dense vegetation, forests; usually near water


Height: 55-88cm, mass 60-115kg;

Pig like appearance, well haired body, tail hangs down when running, unlike Warthog whose tail goes up vertically when running.

Found in forest, dense bush, riverine woodlands.

Nocturnal, Live in groups of 4-10 individuals, can be dangerous when wounded.


Habitat: North eastern parts of Southern Africa.

Size: Massive, Cattle like animals. Shoulder height 1,4m; mass 700kg(bull)

Food: Grazers in herds.

Breeding: Seasonal breeders, 40kg calves are able to keep up with the herd within a few hours.


Duiker (common)

Among small buck, although of similar height, they are much heavier than steenbok. Has small simple horns, relatively straight back, long legs and large pointed ears. It's coat varies in thickness and length according to the altitude and temperature. As a rule, duikers from moist areas are darker in color and those from arid regions are lighter.

The best hunting is late in the season after the grass is down. Most productive time to hunt is either at night with a headlamp, early in the morning or just before sunset.

SCI minimum score: 9

Habitat: Found in bush country, virtually everywhere there is cover


This huge, oxlike antelope with long, straight, spirally twisted horns, is the largest of the African antelope. It has a hump on it's shoulders, a prominent dewlap and a long, tufted tail.

When hunted on foot, the eland is a difficult game animal, far more so than most African species. When alarmed, they will run for a great distance without stopping or looking back.

Food: Browsers, eats grass as well, dig for roots and bulbs, use their horns to knock down foliage.

Characteristics: Dominant bulls mate with females. Eland features predominantly in Bushmen paintings, they are excellent jumpers and can clear a 2m fence easily, adapted for dry savanna and open plains.

SCI minimum score: 69

Habitat: Found in open grass plains, scrubland, woodlands




Livingston Eland


Spirit of the desert embodied in an antelope, recognizable by its magnificent V-shaped pair of horns carried by both sexes. It has a striking black and white pattern on the head and body.

Gemsbok make spectacular trophies, females as much as males, although females should not be hunted except where their numbers are plentiful. Easy to locate because of the diurnal plains, and not to difficult to approach.

SCI minimum score: 79

Habitat: Found in arid areas, such as open grassland, Kalahari duneland and bush savanna


Size: Height: 3,9-5,2m, mass: 970-1400kg

Identification: Large, long legs, long neck and patchwork patterns, easily identified.

Food: Grazer, rarely eating grass.

Habitat: Dry savanna woodland.

Hartebeest (Red)

A tall, tan or reddish antelope with bracket-shaped horns and goatlike eyes make them easily recognizable in the bush. The horns are thick, V-shaped when viewed from the front.

Red hartebeest is by far the most heavily hunted of the hartebeest and with it's spectacular shaped horns not to be passed up.

SCI minimum score: 56

Habitat: Found in open country, from grassland to semidesert


A medium sized antelope, lightly built and graceful, with a short glossy coat and fine long horns. Alert and extremely elusive, a one-of-a-kind antelope.
They are vulnerable to overhunting and can be wiped out, however, they are able to repopulate themselves rapidly once given protection.

Weight: 117-167lb
Height: 30-36in
SCI minimum score: 48

Habitat: Found in lightly wooded or bushed country close to water



A small, stocky antelope with coarse, spiny hair. General colour yellow-brown to grey-brown, with an overall grizzled appearance. Walks on tips of hoofs, rams have horns, occurs in pairs or small family groups. Adult ram is territorial.

Habitat: Rocky areas only



Large antelope. Browse and grasses, woodland savanna; occurs in Northern parts of Southern Africa; prefer rocky hills; This elegant antelope is recognized for the two magnificent spiral horns in the male, which make a spectacular trophy.

A fine game animal, it is probably the least difficult of the spiral-horns to bring down. There is a hump on it's shoulders, and it has long legs, large ears and a bushy tail.

SCI minimum score: 109

Habitat: Found in Savanna woodland or scrub, especially close to water and rocky terrain




Habitat: Occurs patchily in the North-Eastern parts of Southern Africa, loves dry savanna woodland in open areas adjacent to bush or tree cover.

Food: Browses, eats a wide variety of plants.

These graceful creatures are of striking appearance. It is slender, with a narrow but deep body, and a shaggy, slate-brown coat. A crest of long hairs extends from the back of the head to the root of the tail.

The horns of the Nyala are dark with ivory tips, keeled in front and back, and spiral upward in a open curve of 1 and a half to 2 turns.

They are very challenging game animal, and often are hunted in areas where nyala must be hunted entirely on foot in trackless bush.

SCI minimum score: 56

Ewes like in most other buck species have no horns.
Habitat: Found in dense bush close to water


Reedbuck (common)

This is a perfectly camouflage antelope with its tan-colored coat, the underparts are white. The horns are Common Reedbuck is totally cover-dependant and it's incredible ability to "freeze" when it senses danger.

They can be difficult to hunt in high grass; however once the grass is down, the difficulty eases.

SCI minimum score: 19

Habitat: Found in tall grass or reeds near water

Reedbuck (mountain)

Occurs widely over the eastern parts of Southern Africa. Shoulder height: 72cm, mass 30kg

Food: grasses.

Habitat: Restricted to mountainous and rocky areas.

Spring hare

Size: Total lenght: 75-85cm, tail: 35-45cm, mass: 2,5-3,8kg.

Kangaroo like appearance; long powerful hindlegs; well haired tail with black tip; ears and eyes fairly large.

Nocturnal and found in habitats with sandy soils.

Eats grass, roots and other plants.


It is a medium-sized gazelle, graceful and handsomely patterned, with a long fold of skin on top of its back, and short lyrate horns. Has a reddish fawn color with a white lower rump. When in danger, the springbok has a characteristic 'prancing' behaviour - during which a crest of white hair on the curved back fans out prominently.

Springbok are the Southern African version of a gazelle with both sexes carries horns.

SCI minimum score: 27
Habitat: Found in open, dry grassland, and regions where Karoo-type vegetation's exists for feeding


BLACK SPRINGBOK: Is not a subspecies, they were developed by selective breeding. Black Springbok are a chocolate brown color, but similar in other respects-
Height: 26-35in
Weight: 45-100lb
SCI minimum score: 27
Found in open dry grasslands and savannas

WHITE SPRINGBOK: Is not a subspecies, but a color phase that was developed by selective breeding.
White Springbok is all white except, for the dark facial stripes and very dark eyelashes-
Height: 26-35in
Weight: 45-100lb
SCI minimum score: 25
Found in open dry grasslands and savannas


A small, brick colored antelope among the smaller buck. The ears are large and the tail is very short. Horns are upright spikes, smooth and widely separated.

Steenbok should be taken with a smaller caliber or a solid bullet, so that the fragile skin will not be damaged.

SCI minimum score: 10

Habitat: Prefers flat, open country, grassy or lightly wooded


The fastest of the southern African antelope, able to maintain a bouncing gallop for considerable distances. Overall color is a dark reddish brown with an iridescent purplish sheen.

Tsessebe has beautiful skin, and with it's crescent-shaped horns when viewed from the front, really makes it a beautiful trophy on the wall.

SCI minimum score: 36

Habitat: Found in grassland near water and the fringes of woodland


With its tusks and wartlike lumps on its face, will by no means win any beauty contest. The skin is almost hairless except for a long, thin mane of coarse hairs on the neck and back. Males have prominent "warts" which are skin growths with no bony support or obvious function-on the sides of the head and beneath the eyes.

The tail is carried upright with the tufted tip hanging over when the warthog runs.
Not a top game animal, but a welcome addition to the bag.

Usually plentiful enough and good to eat, with tusks that can be judged on the hoof.

SCI minimum score: 27

Habitat: Found in open grassland, avoiding thick bush or forest

Waterbuck (Common)

A big, shaggy antelope with an elliptical ring around the rump, females are similar, a little smaller, and without horns, somewhat resembling deer. Waterbuck has a shaggy coat and the males has long impressive horns. Overall color varies from reddish to dark brown.

Waterbucks are not especially wary or secretive, except where they are hunted hard. Their large horns are a fine trophy.

SCI minimum score: 63

Habitat: Found in open plains or woodland close to water


Magnificent shining coats, with their rounded bodies are truly one magnificent spectacle of the subcontinent. With it's whitish or cream coat with black stripes, the zebra certainly is a unique and spectacular trophy to have, and a must have is certainly a zebra flat skin for the trophy room.


Habitat: Found in open, grassy plains or lightly-wooded bushveld near water


A large, magnificent antelope, with shoulders higher than its hindquarters. Has a glossy black to seal brown color, with white underparts and white facial markings. Both sexes have long, sweeping scimitar-shaped horns that are heavily ringed and usually parallel to each other.

A good sable is a spectacular trophy that is essential to any African collection.

Shot placement is very important, as is the caliber used, because sable are "hard" animals that are strong and tenacious of life.


Habitat: Found in open savanna woodland with medium-to-high grass, close to water

Reference: "Field Guide Mammals of Southern Africa - Chris and Tilde Stuart"

Seasons of Southern Africa:
Summer: September to April
Winter: May-August